According to information published on the website of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (MacArthur Foundation) on September 24, 2013, 24 MacArthur Fellows were selected for the 2013 MacArthur Fellows, including scientists, artists, and history. Scientists, writers, lawyers, statisticians and photographers. Angela Lee Duckworth, a 43-year-old Chinese research psychologist, is one of them. There have been many reports about Angela Lee Duckworth’s award (a prize of $625,000) for letting people understand the importance of self-discipline and perseverance to academic performance. She pointed out that the key to success is-willpower!
Li Hui’an’s Ted Talk was named the top ten best speeches of 2017 by Forbes
Willpower is enthusiasm and perseverance when facing long-term goals. Willpower is an expression of endurance. Willpower is to still believe in the future day after day, not just this week, not just this month, but year after year. Work hard to achieve the future you believe in. Willpower is to see life as a marathon, not a sprint.
To watch other best Ted Talks talks, please click here to view .
Li Hui’an’s father-Asian scientist Li Yinggao
Here is an introduction to an accomplished Asian scientist-Li Yinggao
On April 27, 2000, the famous American DuPont (DuPoint) Chemical Company issued the Lavosier Medal, the highest science and technology award named after the “founder of modern chemistry” to Li Yinggao, a Chinese who made outstanding contributions to the company. And put Li Yinggao’s head elephant photo on the company’s “Celebrity Wall”. This DuPont “Nobel Prize” has only been awarded 59 in the company’s nearly 200-year history, that is, only 59 people have been on the wall of fame, and Li Yinggao is the only Chinese.
Li Yinggao was born in Shanghai in 1933. In 1957, he graduated from the Department of Chemistry at Leeds University in the United Kingdom and then furthered his studies in the United States. In 1961, he received a PhD in Physical Organic Chemistry from the University of Cincinnati. During the 35 years of service at DuPont since 1965, Li Yinggao has invented low-viscosity lacquer (LDL), quick-drying paint and protective paint to reduce environmental pollution of cars. These have become DuPont’s flagship products and are sold all over the world. In the 1970s and 1980s, 50% of the cars produced in the United States were painted with paints invented by Li Yinggao.
Li Yinggao was appointed as DuPont’s academician in 1987. At that time, only 26 of DuPont’s thousands of scientists had this title. In 1996, he was named one of DuPont’s four outstanding scientists. Li Yinggao also frequently visits mainland China and Taiwan to pave the way for DuPont. In 1994, he won the Outstanding Achievement Award of the Chinese Society of Engineers and the title of Honorary Professor of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Li Yinggao’s father, Li Tingdong, was originally a giant in the textile industry in Shanghai. He started his business in Taiwan in 1948 and became a famous Taiwanese industrialist. In 1972, he died of illness in Taipei. During the funeral, President Yan Jiagan visited the chief priest, and the inscription on the tombstone was buried in Yangmingshan.
The award ceremony was attended by hundreds of people, and 10 people of Li Yinggao’s close relatives were invited by DuPont to attend. The author bowed to the event as the eldest brother-in-law, as well as his brother-in-law, son, two daughters and son-in-law (see attached photo on the wall of celebrities In the previous photo, the person sitting in the middle is Li Yinggao, the third from the right is his wife Dai Yuru, and the three children are grandsons).
Li Yinggao is an accomplished Asian scientist, but his life experience has nothing to do with the educational theory put forward by Carol Dweck, a psychology professor at Stanford University, but his daughter Angela Lee Li Huian (above, right) 2) It can be said that she is the representative of this theory. She quit a very successful job and teaches seventh grade mathematics in a public school in New York. She quickly realized that IQ is not the only indicator that distinguishes students’ learning. She is also one of the top ten most influential Ted Speakers in 2017. The following link is a very famous Ted Talk published by her (with tens of millions of clicks). In this speech, she explained a research result-“willpower” is the vane of success.
What is the difference between ordinary children and excellent children?
It has been observed that when children face difficulties and setbacks, they often have two manifestations: timid and withdrawing and facing difficulties. Why do children behave differently for the “difficulties” and “mistakes” in life? This actually stems from their way of thinking, “thinking” dominates “behavior.” This mode of thinking affects the future of the child to a large extent. A scientific experiment tells parents how much difference there will be between two different thinking children.
In American schools, a wave of cultivating children’s “growth thinking” is quietly blowing up.
What is growth thinking?
Growth thinking was proposed by Carol Dweck, a psychology professor at Stanford University in the United States.
She firmly believes that children with a growth mindset believe that “effort” is more important than “talent”.
They are more optimistic and positive when encountering difficulties and challenges.
They believe that their unremitting efforts can help them overcome difficulties and ultimately succeed.
An optimistic attitude, firm willpower, flexible working ability, and positive and positive language skills are all qualities that people with “growth thinking” have.
When facing difficulties, people with growth thinking and fixed thinking see completely different “scenes”.
This poster is often shown to children when teachers in foreign elementary schools take classes like Social Studies. An example called The Iceberg Illusion is used to help children understand the elements of success and let them understand that
success is like An iceberg floating on the sea, you see the part that is out of the water, but what you don’t see is the process of success: persistence, failure, sacrifice, disappointment, good habits, hard work, concentration, etc., those underwater part.
to cultivate children’s growth thinking
Growth thinking is not innate, can it be acquired through acquired guidance and cultivation? The answer is yes. How can this positive attitude towards life be obtained?
Talent is not innate
1. Tell children that “gifts” are not inborn:
First of all, we must let children understand that “gifts” are not inborn. You can become smarter or wiser through the hard work of the day after tomorrow.
Just like a newborn baby who can’t speak, after acquired hard work, they can learn to speak, and finally they can acquire the ability of language.
In order to let children understand the importance of hard work, we speak with facts and tell children celebrity stories, such as the story of Edison changing his own destiny through hard self-study, so that children can realize that their persistence and hard work can accomplish many things.
Edison, the Father of Light, has a famous saying: “I didn’t fail, I just found 1,000 ways to fail”, this sentence is inspiring.
Parents can find some famous celebrities with a growth mindset, make posters, and post them on the wall to remind children of the sweat behind these successful celebrities!
2. Parents should be the spokesperson of “growth thinking”:
Dr. Dweck divides people’s thinking styles into two types: Growth Mindset and Fixed Mindset.
Fixed thinking vs growth thinking
When encountering difficulties, children with fixed thinking will think: “It’s too difficult, I want to give up.”
Children with growth thinking will think: “I don’t give up, I want to try!”
When making mistakes, Children with fixed thinking will think: “I am not good at this.”
Children with growth thinking will think: “I have to think about using different methods to overcome it.”
When friends are better than me, children with fixed thinking Think: “I can’t be as good as him.”
A child with a growth mindset will tell his friends: “You are awesome! How did you do it, can you teach me?”
Contrast between fixed thinking and growth thinking children
Growth thinking allows children to challenge themselves constantly, taking every failure as an opportunity for learning. On the other hand, children with fixed thinking are confined to their own thinking patterns, lack self-confidence, do not like challenges, and are easy to give up.
It sounds like growth thinking is what we call “positive energy” education!
Parents are children’s first teachers, and our way of thinking is affecting children subtly.
Therefore, if you want to cultivate children’s “growth thinking”, parents should be the spokesperson of “growth thinking” in daily communication with their children.
3. Scientific praise makes children better and better:
When children do a satisfying thing, we often say: “You are so smart!”
However, growth thinking tells us not to praise children lightly.” “Smart”, but emphasizes praising the child’s efforts, process, and various attempts to achieve goals.
Here is a small experiment done by Dr. Dweck: Three groups of children received the same IQ Test: the
first group praised their “smartness”: “You did a great job! You must be very smart”!
The second group praised them for their “work hard”: “You did a great job! You must have worked very hard when doing the questions!” The
third group was the control group and received a neutral compliment: “You did a great job!”
Surprised The discovery is:
children who are praised for being smart — they are more inclined to choose simple questions when choosing IQ tests,
and children who are praised for hard work — are more inclined to choose challenging and difficult questions.
It can be seen how much children care about the recognition of adults! The more adults emphasize something, the more children will work hard for it. Children praised as “smart” choose simple things because they believe that they can do simple things well, so that they can always be recognized as “smart”. Children who are praised for “working hard” will choose more difficult things to try, because the “work hard” makes them feel great!
How to praise a child?
Of course, we hope to nurture children who are constantly making progress. So what kind of language should be used to praise children?
Sometimes, to put it another way, it will open up another piece of sky:
1. Fixed thinking praise:
Wow! Your math is so good, you are so smart!
Look! Like I said, this topic is very simple, you have done it, so smart!
For the child who succeeds effortlessly:
You are awesome! It seemed effortless and got 100 points!
For children who work hard but
fail to do well: Some children are just not good at math, it doesn’t matter, take your time.
2. Praise for growth thinking:
I like that you try different methods to solve this math problem, and finally make the answer, awesome!
This is a difficult question, but you persisted and made the answer, awesome!
Okay, this topic is a bit simple for you. Let us try a more difficult topic to challenge ourselves.
I really like your hard work, let us do it together and see what you don’t understand.
4. Eight questions to cultivate a positive energy baby with a growth mindset:
May as well go home today and ask the child the following questions:
What did you do today that made you feel very challenging?
What new things did you try today?
What new methods have you tried to solve the challenges encountered today?
Except at school, what did you learn outside of school?
Recall a mistake you made today! Tell me about what you learned from your mistakes?
What did you learn in school that made you find it difficult and tricky? Okay, think about how to overcome it?
Think about an event that happened today, if you give you another chance, what you can do to make it better. Who can help you make things better?
What did you find easy today? How can you make it challenging?
5. It’s not that you didn’t work hard enough, it’s just that the time has not come!
The child has worked very hard, but has not reached the ideal goal yet. At this time, we have to tell the children: “I know this is difficult, but you are working hard, you are making progress, your mistakes make you grow, and your ideal goal is getting closer and closer to you.”
American teachers and parents will let the children take “Cards of growth thinking” are bookmarked or posted on the table to motivate yourself, keep working hard, and don’t give up:
“I am not afraid to accept challenges!”
“I can train my mind to complete tasks!”
“I still Failed to complete it as best as I could!”
“My mistakes show that I am growing!”
The parenting mission of Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos
He urged his children and all those who are engaged in their careers to pursue their hobbies as a motivation for hard work, because this can make it easier to succeed. “This will make it easier for you to make choices and work hard,” Jeff Bezos said.
“You will work with like-minded people, and you will fill your life with energy and passion,” he added. “If you are doing what you like, then this day will become interesting and fulfilling.”
These changes will only bring you closer to your passion. “You have to figure out what you like,” Jeff Bezos said. “It will bring you great happiness.”
When he was studying in university, he thought he would become a physicist in the future, but later found out that he did not have enough ability in this area. So he went to do what he liked, and then “Amazon” appeared.
I wish every reader can find his love and passion!
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